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Compression sportswear is clothing usually worn by athletes. They may be shorts, tights, socks or underwear. They are form-fitting garments and when worn cover the athlete's waist to mid or lower thigh and the feet and lower calves. These garments are often made from a spandex-type material.
Compression stockings and socks are specialized hosiery items designed to increase blood circulation. Their main therapeutic purpose is to provide graduated pressure on the lower leg and foot and, in some cases, the thigh, to alleviate circulatory problems such as edema, phlebitis and thrombosis. Unlike traditional dress or athletic stockings and socks, compression stockings use stronger elastics to create significant pressure on the legs, ankles and feet. Compression stockings are tightest at the ankles and gradually become less constrictive towards the knees and thighs. By compressing the surface veins, arteries and muscles, the circulating blood is forced through narrower circulatory channels. As a result, the arterial pressure is increased, which causes more blood to return to the heart and less blood to pool in the feet.
The main benefits of compression sportswear is that it keeps the muscles warm to prevent muscle strain and fatigue, and wick sweat away from the body to prevent chafing and rashes. In addition, there is evidence that compression shorts may enhance athletic performance. There are many types of compression garments that serve a similar function, such as compression t-shirts, socks, sleeves, socks and tights
Compression stockings also deliver a distributed amount of compression at the ankle and up the leg. This compression, when combined with the muscle pump effect of the calf, aids in circulating blood and lymph fluid through the legs and improves the efficiency of muscles by stabilizing muscles and improving circulation/ lactic acid removal. Today, compression stockings are available in a wide range of uses, colors, styles and sizes.
The alleged benefits of wearing compression clothing are:
These factors allow an athlete to increase both the duration and intensity of training and competition.